Social Security Disability Requirements for Adults in 2024 – SSI & SSDI Eligibility Update

By Ehsteem Arif

Published on:

Joe Biden

The US government provides substantial financial benefits to its citizens through Social Security programs. These benefits, administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA), are adjusted based on various factors, including income, cost-of-living adjustments (COLA), and disability status. In this article, we will look into the requirements and eligibility criteria for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) for 2024.


Social Security benefits are tailored to reflect changes in national standards and personal circumstances. To qualify for these benefits, applicants must meet specific requirements set by SSA authorities. These benefits include disability payments, which are particularly crucial for individuals whose physical conditions prevent them from working.


Disability Requirements

The SSA provides Social Security Disability Insurance Benefits to individuals who are unable to work due to a severe physical condition that is expected to last at least a year or result in death. Here are the key requirements for SSDI:

  • Medical Condition: Must prevent you from performing substantial gainful activity (SGA).
  • Work History: Typically, you need to have worked five out of the last ten years.
  • Payout Factors: Age, health, income, and state of residence.


To receive SSDI or SSI benefits, applicants must meet specific eligibility criteria:



  1. Work Experience: Adequate work history is required.
  2. Disability: Must have a severe impairment that prevents substantial work.
  3. Dependents: Spouses and children may also be eligible for benefits.
  4. Waiting Period: There is a five-month waiting period before benefits begin.


  1. Income: Available to those with low or no income.
  2. Disability or Age: Must be disabled or over the age of 65.

Applying for Benefits

To apply for Social Security benefits, follow these steps:

  1. Visit the SSA Website: Go to
  2. Create an Account: Register for a free “my Social Security” account.
  3. Complete the Form: Accurately fill out the application form.
  4. Submit Documentation: Attach all required documents as instructed.
  5. Submit Application: Mail the completed application or submit it online.

Applicants can also make an appointment to apply in person or over the phone at an SSA office.


Payment Dates

Social Security benefits are typically paid based on the beneficiary’s birth date. Ensure you check your specific payment schedule on the SSA website or contact the SSA directly for more information.

Additional Considerations

  • Multiple Conditions: Having multiple medical conditions can strengthen your application.
  • Treatment History: Demonstrating ongoing medical treatment and adherence to doctor’s orders is crucial.
  • Long-Term Illness: Conditions expected to last more than a year have a higher chance of qualifying.


The SSA only covers total disability, not partial or temporary impairments. To qualify, you must prove that your condition prevents you from performing any substantial work and is expected to last at least a year or result in death.


Knowing and navigating the requirements for Social Security benefits can be complex, but knowing the key criteria and application process can help. For more detailed information and updates, always refer to the official SSA website at


Who qualifies for SSDI benefits?

Individuals with adequate work history and severe disability.


How do I apply for Social Security benefits?

Visit the SSA website and complete the online application form.

What is the waiting period for SSDI benefits?

There is a five-month waiting period before benefits begin.


Can dependents receive benefits?

Yes, spouses and children of the disabled individual may qualify.

What is SSI and who is eligible?

SSI is for those with low income or those over 65 years old.


Disclaimer- We are committed to fair and transparent journalism. Our Journalists verify all details before publishing any news. For any issues with our content, please contact us via email. 

Ehsteem Arif

A tax law expert with a knack for breaking down complex regulations into digestible insights. Ehsteem's articles on the tax news blog offer invaluable guidance to readers navigating changes in tax legislation.

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